Gunung Leuser National Park
Gunung Leuser National Park represents several ecosystem types,
from coastal forest ecosystem through tropical lowland forest
ecosystem to montane forest ecosystem. Most of the Park area is
covered with thick Dipterocarpaceae forest with rivers and
waterfalls flowing through it. There are some endangered and
peculiar plants, namely daun payung raksasa (Johannesteijsmannia
altifrons), rafflesia flowers (Rafflesia atjehensis and R.
micropylora), and Rhizanthes zippelnii-the biggest flower, with a
diameter of 1.5 metres. In addition, there is one plant unique to
the area: the ara, a strangling plant.
Endangered and protected animal species which inhabit the Park include orangutan (Pongo abelii), siamang (Hylobates syndactylus syndactylus), Asian elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus), Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensis), serow (Capricornis sumatraensis), great hornbill (Buceros bicornis), sambar deer (Cervus unicolor), and leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis sumatrana).
Gunung Leuser National Park has been declared a Biosphere Reserve. Under a cooperation program between Indonesia and Malaysia, the Park is also designated as a "Sister Park" to the Taman Negara in Malaysia.
Gurah: fantastic views, valleys, waterfalls; animals and plants
such as Rafflesia, orangutans, birds, snakes and butterflies.
Bohorok: an orangutan rehabilitation centre; ecotourism activities like kayaking/canoeing, camping, and birdwatching.
Kluet: boating on rivers and lakes, trekking through coastal forest and caving. Kluet is also a habitat of tigers.
Sekundur: camping, caving, animal observation.
Ketambe and Suak Belimbing: suitable place for research on primates and other animals; research facilities include accommodation and a library. Gunung (Mount) Leuser (3,404 m asl.) and Mt. Kemiri (3,314 m asl.): mountain climbing and hiking. River rafting along the Alas River: start from Gurah-Muara Situlen-Gelombang for a three-day trip.
Cultural attractions outside the Park include the Lake Toba Festival in June (held on the Lake) and the Malay Culture Festival held in July in Medan.
Best time of year to visit: June to October.
How to reach the Park: Medan-Kutacane about 8 hours by car (240 km), Kutacane-Gurah/Ketambe about 30 minutes by car (35 km), Medan-Bohorok/Bukit Lawang about 1 hour by car (60 km), Medan-Sei Betung/Sekundur about 2 hours by car (150 km), Medan-Tapaktuan about 10 hours by car (260 km).
Declared : Minister of Agriculture, in 1980,
a total area of 792,675 hectares
Designated : Minister of Forestry, SK. No.276/Kpts-VI/1997,
a total area of 1,094,692 hectares
Location : Regencies Southeast Aceh, South Aceh,
Aceh Singkil (Province of Nanggroe Aceh Darusslam), and
Regency of Langkat (Province of North Sumatra)
Temperature 21° - 28° C
Rainfall 2,000 - 3,200 mm/year
Altitude 0 - 3,381 m asl.
Geographical location 96°35' - 98°30' E; 2°50' - 4°10' S
Jl. Raya Blangkejeren Nr. 37 Km 3 PO Box 16, Kutacane, Nanggroe Aceh D.
Tel. : +62-629- 21358
Fax. : +62-629- 21016
National park in Sumatra:
- National Parks in Indonesia
- Siberut National Park - West Sumatra
- Kerinci Seblat National Park - Jambi, Sumatra
- Bukit Tiga Puluh National Park - Riau
- Bukit Dua Belas National Park - Jambi
- Berbak National Park - Jambi Province
- Sembilang National Park - Palembang
- Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park - Lampung
Way Kambas National Park - Lampung